2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Dimitri T. Azar MD

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Dimitri T. Azar MD

Part three has been thoroughly reorganized for simpler use! you will find extra real-life scientific examples, many new figures and new studying workouts to assist gauge your figuring out of the fabric. part three presents a accomplished review of medical optics, together with present purposes of optical phenomena corresponding to lasers, spectacles, IOLs and refractive surgical procedure. provides optics of the human eye; simple innovations of geometric optics; ophthalmic tools and call lenses. imaginative and prescient rehabilitation can be discussed.

Upon crowning glory of part three, readers will be capable to:

Outline the foundations of sunshine propagation and photo formation and paintings via many of the primary equations that describe or degree such houses as refraction, mirrored image, magnification and vergence
Define many of the different types of visible conception and serve as, together with visible acuity, brightness sensitivity, colour conception and distinction sensitivity
Explain the optical ideas underlying a number of modalities of refractive correction: spectacles, touch lenses, intraocular lenses and refractive surgical procedure

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Additional info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 3: Clinical Optics

Example text

Refractive index is always greater than or equal to 1. In computations, it is often easier to work with the refractive index of a material than directly with the speed of light. The refractive index, n= Speed of Light in Vacuum Speed of Light in Medium is quite sensitive to a material's chemical composition. A small amount of salt or sugar dissolved in water changes its refractive index. Because refractive index is easy to measure . CHAPTER 1: Geometric Optics • 13 accurately, chemists use it to identify compounds or determine their purity.

For clinical work, objects more than 20 ft (6 m) distant may be regarded as being at optical infinity. 17 D; clinically, CHAPTER 1: Geometric Optics • 35 this is small enough to be ignored. 25 D. Some people think that objecd in the anterior focal plane are imaged in the posterior focal plane. This is not true. Objects in the anterior focal plane image at plus infinity; objects at minus infinity image in the posterior focal plane. S vi. image change. Most optical systems have one particular object location that yields a magnification of 1.

Are rarely important. Ho~ever, in situations for which diffraction effects are significant, geometric optics does not fully describe the image. Optical Interfaces The boundary between 2 different optical media is called an optical interface. Typically, when light reaches an optical interface, some light is transmitted through the interface, so~e is reflected, and some is absorbed, or converted to heat, by the interface. The amount of light transmitted, reflected, and absorbed depends on several factors.

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