50 cases in clinical cardiology : a problem solving approach by M.D. Luthra Atul, JPS Sawhney

By M.D. Luthra Atul, JPS Sawhney

This ebook presents postgraduate trainees with 50 genuine medical cardiology instances. Divided into fourteen sections, a number of instances are offered less than each one classification protecting numerous issues of the cardiac process, together with congenital center illnesses, aortic valve illnesses, pulmonary ailments, ECG abnormalities, cardiac arrhythmias, coronary artery disorder and masses extra. starting with a quick background and findings in line with actual exam, each one case then comprises analytical dialogue on bedside investigations and recommendations for remedy. Authored through a recognized specialist within the box, this useful booklet is extremely illustrated with echocardiographic, radiographic and electrocardiographic facts. Key issues offers 50 actual scientific cardiology circumstances Covers a number of problems of the cardiac method Authored through regarded heart specialist comprises greater than 217 photographs, illustrations and tables

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A similar systolodiastolic murmur occurs when an atrial septal defect (ASD) is associated with mitral stenosis, the Lutembacher syndrome. In contrast to a continuous murmur, the two components of a systolo-diastolic murmur have a different character. PDA is the commonest cause of cardiomegaly and heart failure in infancy and childhood. Conversely, heart failure is the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality in PDA, at any age. Causes of heart failure in childhood are: • Coarctation of aorta • Patent ductus arteriosus • Congenital cardiomyopathy • Anomalous left coronary artery arising from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA).

The ductus arteriosus is a channel that connects the descending aorta distal to the origin of left subclavian artery, to the left pulmonary artery just distal to the bifurcation of main pulmonary artery. The ductus remains open during intrauterine life and closes soon after birth when its purpose is fulfilled. When the ductus fails to close physiologically within 24 hours after birth and anatomically within a week, it provides a communication between the aortic and pulmonary circulations. Flow from the aorta (at higher pressure) to the pulmonary artery (at lower pressure) creates a left-to-right shunt across the PDA (Fig.

The JVP was not raised but there was minimal pitting edema over both his ankles. The apex beat was slightly displaced towards the axilla and heaving in character. Systolic pulsations were observed over the aortic area and in the suprasternal notch. The S1 was normal, A2 was loud but no gallop was audible. A harsh systolic murmur was heard over the upper left sternal edge that radiated towards the neck. The murmur was not preceded by an ejection click or accompanied by a palpable thrill. A different soft systolic murmur was heard over the cardiac apex that radiated towards the left axilla.

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