Academic Freedom and the Japanese Imperial University, by Byron K. Marshall

By Byron K. Marshall

Byron okay. Marshall bargains right here a dramatic research of the altering nature and boundaries of educational freedom in prewar Japan, from the Meiji recovery to the eve of worldwide warfare II.Meiji leaders based Tokyo Imperial collage within the overdue 19th century to supply their new govt with worthwhile technical and theoretical wisdom. an instructional elite, armed with Western studying, progressively emerged and wielded major impression through the country. while a few college contributors criticized the behavior of the Russo-Japanese struggle the govt. threatened dismissals. the college and management banded jointly, forcing the govt. to go into reverse. via 1939, in spite of the fact that, this harmony had eroded. the normal cause of this erosion has been the shortcoming of a practice of autonomy between prewar eastern universities. Marshall argues in its place that those later purges resulted from the university's 40-year fixation on institutional autonomy on the rate of educational freedom.Marshall's finely nuanced research is complemented through wide use of quantitative, biographical, and archival resources.

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The higher schools, five in the original plan, had been designed in 1886 as a new type of public school whose mission was to routinize the selection and preparation of university students. S. universities, then back to Todai as College of Law professorsall under the patronage of the professors these students would eventually succeed. The pattern was similar in the other divisions of the university. Among the early appointees to the College of Sciences was its first dean, Kikuchi Dairoku. 26 But this proved a temporary phenomenon.

114, 588-594, 675-684, 714-721, 835-850, 1141-1145, 1194-2000, 1264-1269, 1317-1320, 1360-1363, 1396-1399. Engineering dates are from 1885, agriculture, from 1890. NOTE: These figures include all foreigners regardless of rank or duties but only Japanese with the title of professor (kyoju) or associate professor (jokyo) and no Japanese on irregular appointments. The ratio would thus change even more rapidly if Japanese instructors of all ranks including part-time lecturers from various government agencies were included and/or foreigners whose service elsewhere in the government made them part-time employees were excluded.

154. The problem with the Mencius texts doubtless had to do with that philosopher's explanation of how the Mandate of Heaven might pass from one dynasty to anothera Confucian notion at odds with the insistence on the unbroken dynastic line in Japan. 6. Todai, Gojunenshi, pp. 75-90. 7. , Nihon Kyoikushi shiryo, vol. 7, pp. 660ff; and Hara Heizo, "Bansho Shirabesho (Footnote continued on next page) < previous page page_25 next page > < previous page page_26 next page > Page 26 By 1866 the staff and trainees at the Institute for Western Studies numbered more than sixty with a great diversity of backgrounds.

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