Accessing and Browsing Information and Communication by Ronald E. Rice

By Ronald E. Rice

This ebook contends that having access to and skimming info and conversation are multidimensional and consequential points of the data user’s whole event and of common human habit. difficulties in details production, processing, transmittal, and use frequently come up from an incomplete conceptualization of the "information looking" approach, the place info looking is considered because the intentional discovering of particular details. the method has regularly been thought of first of all a few form of seek question and finish with a few form of bought details. That, besides the fact that, might be basically the final, most simply observable--and might be no longer even primary--stage of a posh series of actions. This booklet experiences comparable conception, learn, perform, and implications from a variety of disciplines. It additionally analyzes converging sorts of details, together with mass media, on-line info providers, the net and world-wide-web, libraries, public areas, ads, and organizational verbal exchange. huge case reviews illustrate the theoretical fabric.

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Buckland does not present these as opposing definitions of information; rather, they are three forms, states, or elements. The extent to which information-as-thing knowledge becomes information-as-process depends on the situation, and then information-as- which involves access, cognitive skills, and prior knowledge (Buckland 1991b). Thus becoming informed varies greatly by person, information system, identified attributes of the object, and object. , citations, indexes) Assumes printed document is primary representation of knowledge Assumes primacy of scientifidtechnical knowledge Part of process of communication Part of human behavior in process of moving through time/space to make sense of world Assumes meanings are in people, not in words Assumes human behavior is basis of understanding of the process suggests that significant different assumptions ity of the information, observable), what by information literatures, have implications lowing (3) physicality of information are derived from of the user or communicator, of the information (material, and (4) truth or accuracy.

Seeker or user, or an information primarprovider research adds another viewpoint-that Access to information and to the individuals and institutions production of the and dis- that produce and distribute infor- mation, emerges as a significant factor in understanding access to information. Those who determine coverage for the nightly network television news programs set the agenda of interest for millions of viewers. The images we watch, the events we learn about, the details we attend to are all reliant on what is available.

The knowledge management literature distinguishes between individual and organizational knowledge. Knowledge may only exist through social cognition, and organizations and individuals may both influence the development and maintenance of knowledge at each level (Corner, Kinicki, and Keats 1994; Walsh and Ungson 1991). Further, knowledge may be tacit, cultural, or not sayable for a variety of reasons (Boisot 1998; Choo 1995; 1998; Polanyi 1997), or may be articulatable explicit (Davenport and Prusak 1998), such as know-how, know-why, what (Sanchez 1997).

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