Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo

By Barnabas Gikonyo

Due to their excessive progress cost, algae, microalgae, and aquatic crops have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel construction. Advances in Biofuel construction: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel construction and bioengineering and considers from a world context the evolving tactics of algal biofuel construction. The ebook seems at how biomass, particularly sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are distinctive first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the creation of gas. The feasibility of such tasks, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel creation are presented.

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20. D. Mechanism and challenges in commercialisation of algal biofuels. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 26–34. 21. J. Fluorescent measurement of microalgal neutral lipids. J. Microbiol. Methods 2007, 68, 639–642. 22. A. Visualizing “green oil” in live algal cells. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 2010, 109, 198–201. 23. ; Bux, F. Bioprospecting for hyper-lipid producing microalgal strains for sustainable biofuel production. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 57–70. 24. J. A green light for engineered algae: Redirecting metabolism to fuel a biotechnology revolution.

Res. 2012, 6, 1041–1047. 17. ; Stys, D. A closed solar photobioreactor for cultivation of microalgae under supra-high irradiance: Basic design and performance. J. Appl. Phycol. 2003, 15, 239–248. 18. J. Carbon dioxide removal from air by microalgae cultured in a membrane-photobioreactor. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2006, 50, 324–329. 19. D. Renewable fuels from algae: An answer to debatable land based fuels. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 10–16. 20. D. Mechanism and challenges in commercialisation of algal biofuels.

The cultivation systems include open and closed styles. The former, which simulates the growth environment in natural lakes, is just open-ponds characterized by simple and low cost structure and operations, low biomass concentration, and poor system stability. The closed culture systems are photobioreactors (PBR) of different configurations including tubular, flat plate, and column photobioreactors. Compared with open pond systems, the closed Current Status and Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae 5 systems are usually more stable because it is easier to control the process conditions and maintain monoculture and allow higher cell density, but they have higher capital and operational costs.

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