Air-sea interaction: laws and mechanisms by G T Csanady,NetLibrary, Inc.

By G T Csanady,NetLibrary, Inc.

Show description

Read Online or Download Air-sea interaction: laws and mechanisms PDF

Similar oceanography books

Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science

Record from the Committee on Reference fabrics for Ocean technological know-how, and Ocean experiences Board. Softcover.

El Nino 1997-1998: The Climate Event of the Century

This e-book will hide the time span from the 1st symptoms of El Nino (May 1997) till its reversal (June 1998). the point of interest may be principally at the usa, the place El Nino produced common alterations in how the general public perceives climate and within the accuracy of forecasts one of the key concerns it is going to learn are how the inside track media interpreted and dramatixed El Nino and the response either one of the general public and decision-makers (the latter according to interviews with agribusiness, utilities, water administration businesses, and so forth.

Nitrogen Loading in Coastal Water Bodies: An Atmospheric Perspective

Content material: bankruptcy 1 An creation to the 1st overview of Nitrogen so much to US Estuaries with an Atmospheric point of view (pages 1–10): Richard A. ValiguraChapter 2 Atmospheric Deposition of Nitrogen in Coastal Waters: Biogeochemical and Ecological Implications (pages 11–52): Hans W. Paerl, Walter R.

The World Is Blue: How Our Fate and the Ocean's Are One

This booklet tie-in to nationwide Geographic's formidable 5-year ocean initiative—focusing on overfishing—is written in nationwide Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Sylvia Earle's obtainable but hard-hitting voice. via compelling own tales she places the present and destiny peril of the sea and the existence it helps in viewpoint for a large public viewers.

Extra info for Air-sea interaction: laws and mechanisms

Example text

5 The Evidence on Momentum Transfer 21 The Evidence on Momentum Transfer Meteorologists have expended a great deal of effort on the empirical determination of a momentum transfer law for the air-sea interface. Hundreds of contributions to the subject have appeared in the literature in the past few decades. , 1992; Yelland and Taylor, 1996). Here we can only give a glimpse of this vast effort, prior to examining the evidence on the momentum transfer law. Dimensional arguments above revealed the potential complexity of such a law, while Charnock’s formula for it, distilled from observation, held out the hope of great simplification.

The rate of entropy change is now the right-hand side divided by T . We may then identify Ft /T as entropy flux, its divergence as the net outflow of entropy, and the stress-rate of strain product, −u w (dU/dz)/T , as the rate of entropy transfer to turbulence. This leaves the buoyancy flux term, w b /T , work done by gravity, that is neither a flux-divergence nor an admissible contribution to internal entropy production because it can be negative. The total entropy change, however, is now not only ε/T .

These transfer laws do not exploit what we know about eddy transfer processes, and do not conform to Onsager’s theorem, relating the scalar Fluxes to two Forces, the wind speed driving momentum flux and the temperature or humidity excess driving scalar fluxes. They are, however, practical and simple to use. Whether or how C T and C E vary with wind speed and buoyancy flux is what a number of workers have investigated and presented in the form of equations or graphs. In a lucid and authoritative paper, Smith (1988) summarized the empirical evidence on heat and vapor transfer available prior to HEXOS, in terms of the coefficients C T and C E .

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.85 of 5 – based on 49 votes