Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products. Volume II by Clarence Karr (Eds.)

By Clarence Karr (Eds.)

Show description

Read or Download Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products. Volume II PDF

Best fossil fuels books

Petroleum Accounting Principles

Petroleum Accounting specializes in usa monetary accounting and reporting for petroleum exploration and creation actions. This booklet describes petroleum actions and the various accounting ideas, practices, and approaches hired in petroleum monetary reporting.

Stimulating Low-Carbon Vehicle Technologies

Governments world wide are more and more intervening in motor vehicle markets to enhance gas economic system and decrease emissions of CO2 from new autos. This record stories the reason for such intervention and examines measures for optimum effectiveness and minimal price. The around desk introduced jointly economists, coverage makers and car engineers with the purpose of advancing knowing of why motor vehicle markets at present fail to bring adequate gasoline financial system.

Formulas and Calculations for Drilling Operations

Provided in an easy-to-use layout, formulation and Calculations for Drilling Operations is a short reference for day by day figure out at the rig. It additionally serves as a convenient examine consultant for drilling and good keep watch over certification courses. Virtually all of the arithmetic required on a drilling rig is right here in a single handy resource, together with formulation for strain gradient, particular gravity, pump, output, annular pace, buoyancy issue, and plenty of different issues.

Seismic Resilience of Natural Gas Systems - Improving Performance

This booklet highlights seismic threat mitigation problems with curiosity to engineers and executives liable for the functionality and safeguard of traditional fuel pipelines. no matter if an earthquake fault is clear at the floor or hidden underground, faults are the main catastrophic failure mechanism for pipelines, even though flooring shaking, soil liquefaction, landslides, and tsunamis additionally threaten the integrity of pipeline structures.

Extra resources for Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products. Volume II

Sample text

0 1 9 C O 2 + 0 . 0 1 4 S O 3 (3a) T h e last t e r m r e p r e s e n t s sulfate i n a s h , c a l c u l a t e d as S 0 3 p e r 1 0 0 p a r t s b y w e i g h t of dry coal. For B r i t i s h c o a l s t h i s rarely e x c e e d s 0 . 5 % , a n d so t h e B r i t i s h s t a n d a r d o m i t s t h e w h o l e t e r m as h a v i n g a n e g l i g i b l e effect o n t h e c o r r e c t i o n . T h e a s h f r o m s o m e U . S . c o a l s c o n t a i n s sulfate e q u i v a l e n t to c o n s i d e r a b l y m o r e S 0 3 t h a n 0 .

S u p p o s e a c o a l o f r a t h e r h i g h m i n e r a l m a t t e r c o n t e n t affords 1 5 % a s h , h a s 2 % p y r i t i c sulfur, a n d y i e l d s 4 % C 0 2 , a n d t h e a s h c o n t a i n s sulfate e q u i v a l e n t to 1 . 2 5 % S 0 3 . T h e a l g e b r a i c s u m o f t h e c o r r e c t i o n t e r m s i n E q . (3) is - 0 . 0 9 , or - 0 . 0 8 i f o n e u s e s E q . (3a) ( - 0 . 0 9 8 i f t h e t e r m i n S 0 3 is o m i t t e d ) . T h e h y d r o g e n c o n t e n t o f c o a l s is a r o u n d 5 % , so that t h e c o r r e c t i o n s j u s t c a l c u l a t e d a r e n e a r l y 2 % o f t h e v a l u e , a n d are l a r g e r t h a n t h e p r e c i sion of the experimental determinations.

T h e t r u t h o f t h i s o b v i o u s l y d e p e n d s o n the s i g n i f i c a n c e a t t a c h e d to t h e p h r a s e " m i n e r a l m a t t e r c o n t e n t . " K i s s a n d K i n g e v i d e n t l y a s s u m e t h a t it is a q u a n t i t y d e r i v e d b y c a l c u l a t i o n from h i g h t e m p e r a t u r e a s h , a n d , o n t h i s a s s u m p t i o n , t h e y are correct. In t h i s c h a p t e r w e t e n d to t r e a t a s s y n o n y m o u s t h e p h r a s e s " t o t a l i n o r g a n i c c o n t e n t " a n d m i n e r a l m a t t e r c o n t e n t ( i .

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.20 of 5 – based on 7 votes