Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and by Craig Cook

By Craig Cook

That allows you to get into constructing websites, crucial factor you would like is a fantastic realizing of Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML-the language that almost all of website content material is written in.Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: glossy advisor and Reference contains sensible examples that would make it easier to constitution your facts competently utilizing (X)HTML, in addition to styling and structure fundamentals utilizing Cascading sort Sheets (CSS). you are going to additionally methods to upload dynamic habit for your info utilizing the JavaScriptT language.This booklet is forward-thinking simply because all of the featured code and methods are criteria compliant and exhibit most sensible practices-so you will not waste time on superseded, undesirable suggestions. Your web content will paintings correctly in so much net browsers and be obtainable to internet clients with disabilities, simply locatable with renowned se's, and compact in dossier size.Even in case you already recognize HTML and CSS fundamentals, this publication will nonetheless be precious to you. It gains entire reference tables on the again, so that you can search for the entire difficult attributes, codes, and houses speedy and easily.Pick up a replica of this e-book since it: * Teaches standards-compliant HTML - now not superseded concepts * contains reference sections so that you can simply search for syntax * does not require prior programming event for comprehensionBruce Lawson and Gez Lemon acted as technical reviewers of starting HTML with CSS and XHTML. Bruce and Gez are energetic contributors of the internet criteria Project's Accessibility activity strength, and feature helped make sure that the booklet follows currentguidelines and top perform.

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Uk/main/language_codes. • xml:lang: Also specifies the language in which the enclosed content is written. This is the XML format for the lang attribute, as it should be used in XML documents. XHTML documents are both XML and HTML (depending on how the server delivers them), so both the lang and xml:lang attributes may be applied to an element, both with the same language code as their value. Focus Attributes When some elements—especially links and form controls—are in a preactive state, they are said to have focus because the browser’s “attention” is concentrated on that element, ready to activate it.

Wouldn’t be valid). Quoting attribute values was optional in HTML but is required in XHTML Strict. Some attributes don’t require a value in HTML (an attribute without a value is called a minimized attribute), but all attributes must have a C H APTE R 2 ■ XH T ML A ND CS S BA SI CS value in XHTML—minimizing attributes isn’t allowed. Like tag names, attribute names must be lowercase in XHTML but aren’t case-sensitive in HTML. Attribute values are never case-sensitive, especially since some values might need to use capital letters.

Any markup, text, or even comments appearing before the doctype declaration will throw most modern browsers into quirks mode, with often-unpredictable results. Designing websites with CSS is considerably easier and the results are more consistent when the document is rendered in compliance mode. Hence, including a complete and correct doctype is essential. And because a doctype is already a required part of a valid web document, modern browsers will always render your pages in compliance mode if you build your documents correctly.

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