Between Philology and Theology: Contributions to the Study by Florentino Garcia Martinez

By Florentino Garcia Martinez

Florentino García Martínez illuminates the nexus among philology and theology. The essays interact historic Jewish texts reminiscent of Philo, the useless Sea Scrolls, Jubilees, four Ezra and the Targumim, and concentrate on how old Jewish writers interpreted and reworked biblical traditions and the way those new interpretations form theological innovations.

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His form is strange, not like us. 33 In these and other comparable texts, human and angelic natures seem to be mixed and blend and the differences between them fade. The point is reached that the Book of Jubilees extended to some angels the most typical mark of God’s covenant with Abraham and his descendants: ­circumcision. Genesis 17:10–11 sets out the covenant that God establishes with Abraham, his descendants and all Israel as follows: Behold my covenant, which you must keep between Me and you as well as your offspring after you: all your males shall be circumcised.

11 See, for example, Pirqe R. El. 13:2, 14:3 and especially 22:2–3 as well as the commentary by Pérez Fernández, Tradiciones mesiánicas, 87 on the influence of Shamael’s fall on the New Testament. 12 Lilith has attracted the attention of scholars (and not only of feminists who have reclaimed her image) and there are very many works about her. See the bibliography based on the work of T. R. W. com/Topics/Lilith/. 13 4Q510 and 4Q511, edited by M. Baillet in DJD 7:215–62; translated in DSST, 371–76.

23 J. A. Fitzmyer, Tobit (CEJL; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2003), 298. 24 This tradition appears in the famous poem by Thomas Aquinas, Panis Angelicum; see the study by A. Nye-Knutson, “Hidden Bread and Revealed Word: Manna Traditions in Targums Neophyti 1 and Ps-Jonathan,” in Israel in the Wilderness: Interpretations of the Biblical Narratives in Jewish and Christian Traditions (ed. K. E. Pomykala; TBN 10; Leiden: Brill, 2008), 201–25. 24 chapter two referring to God, a text from Qumran indicates that man has been created in the image of angels, according to the angelic model.

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