By Michael Boot
Written via specialists in combustion expertise, it is a precise and clean standpoint at the present biofuel dialogue, proposing the most recent study during this vital field.
The emphasis all through this reference is on functions, business views and economics, targeting new sessions of biofuels similar to butanols, levulinates, benzenoids and others. truly based, each one bankruptcy provides a brand new type of biofuel and discusses such subject matters as creation pathways, gas homes and its effect on engines.
the result's a desirable, user-oriented assessment of recent sessions of biofuels past bioethanol.
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Extra info for Biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass: innovations beyond bioethanol
Campos-Fernandez et al. 5 l, direct-injection diesel engine with blends of 10–30 vol% n-butanol in diesel fuel. Armas et al.  conducted an interesting study on the pollutant emissions while starting an engine fueled with 16 vol% n-butanol in diesel fuel. 0 l Nissan diesel engine to study emissions during startup under cold (17 ∘ C) and warm (90 ∘ C) conditions. The experiments under cold conditions produced signiﬁcant combustion instability and thus higher NOx , THC, CO, and particulate matter for the n-butanol fuel blend compared to diesel fuel.
The reduction in particulate matter is 40 2 Fuel Class Higher Alcohols attributed to the displacement of aromatic compounds in the gasoline fuel, which have a strong tendency to form soot. 2 iso-Butanol The ﬁrst SI engine study with iso-butanol as a fuel component was conducted by Bata et al.  in 1989 using a four-cylinder engine. Blends of iso-butanol with gasoline were studied at 5–20 vol%. 5% increase in BSFC compared to straight gasoline. However, iso-butanol displayed superior thermal eﬃciency and BSFC compared to gasoline blends with methanol and ethanol.
New Test Method for Evaluating HCCI Fuel Performance. 4271/2014-012667. , and Remón, A. (2007) Investigation of the Early Flame Development in Spark Assisted HCCI Combustion Using High Speed Chemiluminescence Imaging. 4271/2007-01-0212. , and Johansson, B. (2004) Start of Injection Strategies for HCCI-combustion. 4271/2004-01-2990. , and Cannella, W. (2010) Inﬂuence of Inlet Pressure, EGR, Combustion Phasing, Speed and Pilot Ratio on High Load Gasoline Partially Premixed Combustion. 4271/2010-01-1471.