Blue Carbon Reservoir of the Blue Planet by Abhijit Mitra, Sufia Zaman

By Abhijit Mitra, Sufia Zaman

The ever expanding emission of carbon dioxide as a result of speedy industrialization, urbanization, unplanned tourism and alteration of land use trend is inflicting unparalleled adjustments to marine biodiversity. without reference to political philosophy, state, caste, intercourse and faith, mankind is less than the appalling shadow of weather swap. this day nature-based ways for the mitigation of weather switch are more and more permitted as a part of the reasonably cheap answer. Thrust has been given by means of a number of clinical groups to evaluate the significance and viability of carbon sequestering capability of crops. Coastal manufacturer groups like mangroves, salt marsh grass, seagrass beds, and seaweeds take up atmospheric carbon dioxide throughout the means of photosynthesis. This carbon often called the ‘blue carbon’ is therefore linked to the marine and estuarine ecosystems. even though, a few gaps in our clinical wisdom on blue carbon area nonetheless exist. Molluscs, coral reefs, phytoplankton, that are among the $64000 storehouses of carbon, haven't been addressed. only a few clinical stories at the carbon kept in those useful usual vaults were played, and no info financial institution is obtainable on their carbon sequestering potential on worldwide foundation. The methodologies for assessing blue carbon inventory additionally want extra standardization in order that credits from blue carbon reservoir is approved via the overseas our bodies within the type of a concrete coverage. it's a subject of significant appreciation that Conservation foreign (CI), the overseas Union for Conservation of average assets (IUCN), and the Intergovernmental Oceanic fee (IOC) of UNESCO is taking part with governments, study associations, non-governmental and overseas companies, and groups around the globe to enhance administration methods, monetary incentives and coverage mechanisms for making sure conservation and recovery of blue carbon ecosystems and enforce initiatives around the globe that display the feasibility of blue carbon accounting, administration, and incentive agreements. the current booklet has seriously provided the knowledge financial institution for every group of blue carbon no longer simply within the type of textual content description, but in addition via case reports which are the results of study tasks and pilot programmes.

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This water extends from the surface of one hemisphere below the other surface waters to the surface of other hemisphere. During winter at the poles, the lower water temperature and increased salinity that results from the formation of sea ice result in very dense water that sinks towards the floor of the ocean. The variations in the density of surface water, then, produce a layered effect on the ocean. The zone of sharp density variation is pycnocline. The characteristics of temperature, salinity and density change with depth.

4 Salt marsh grasses contribute to primary production in the coastal and estuarine system Fig. 5 Mangrove floral community constitutes the primary producer tier in the coastal and estuarine system compounds from which the cell forms new materials. The synthesis of organic material by photosynthesis is termed primary production. Since phytoplankton are the dominant producers in the ocean, their role in the marine food chain is of paramount importance. Approximately 4,000 species of marine phytoplankton have been described and new species are continually being added to this total (Lalli and Parsons 1997).

The green colour in them is due to the presence of chloroplasts. They are widely distributed in the warmer (tropical) seas, and only few species are found in the Arctic and Antarctic oceans. Some common species of microscopic green algae that are planktonic in nature are Chlorella marina, Chlorella salina, etc. 2 mm. Phytoplankton may be classified variously from different angles which are discussed here: Seaweeds Seaweeds or benthic marine algae are the group of plants that live either in marine or brackish water environment.

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