By T. R. McClanahan, C. R. C. Sheppard, D. O. Obura
Available and intricate, coral reefs are excellent normal laboratories for learning a variety of ecological and organic questions. This assortment makes a speciality of the Indian Ocean and the pink Sea, which include essentially the most fantastic reefs stumbled on wherever and that are really little studied. it's going to attract a wide variety of researchers in ecology and may be a vital source for someone learning reefs.
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Extra info for Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation
Geology and palaeogeography of the Red Sea region. In Red Sea. eds. M. pp 22-44 Oxford: Pergamon Press 2. , Russo, A. 1994. Recent coral facies of the Indian Ocean coast of Somalia with an interim check list of corals. Facies 30: 1-14 3. M. 1972. Significance of Red Sea in problems of evaporites and basinal limestones. American Association of Petroleum Geologists 56: 1072-1086 4. E. eds. 1985. Hypersaline Ecosystems. The Gavish Sabkha. Springer Verlag 5. Hopley, D. 1982. The Geomorphology of the Great Barrier Reef.
Due to the different kinds of environmental extremes in this area (Fig. 5) the Arabian Gulf is rather dissimilar to that of the Red Sea despite being geographically closest. Its ecological constraints have been more severe since the start of the Holocene (60). The oceanic island groups of the central and western Indian Ocean similarly reveal a diversity and species substructure which has important consequences. Firstly, it shows that the Indian Ocean is not a thoroughly well-mixed basin. Distances are great, which undoubtedly is important, but sub-regional differences in the environment almost certainly are important as well.
Finally, in the fourth quarter, the southwest monsoon diminishes, winds change to north-easterly, and the ITCZ migrates south again (2,4). The currents driven by this create one of the world's five major upwelling systems, whose nutrient enriching properties have profound effect in the north-west, generating most of the pelagic productivity of the Indian Ocean (3). The Arabian upwelling (see Fig. 10), which has varied in intensity through the Holocene (5), offers a significant, selective barrier to the migration of species (6).