Current Research Topics in Plant Virology by Aiming Wang, Xueping Zhou

By Aiming Wang, Xueping Zhou

Topics lined during this e-book contain RNA silencing and its suppression in plant virus an infection, virus replication mechanisms, the organization of mobile membranes with virus replication and circulation, plant genetic resistance to viruses, viral cell-to-cell unfold, lengthy distance circulate in vegetation, virus caused ER rigidity, virus variety and evolution, virus-vector interactions, pass security, geminiviruses, unfavorable strand RNA viruses, viroids, and the prognosis of plant viral ailments utilizing subsequent new release sequencing. This e-book used to be expected to aid plant pathologists, students, professors, academics and complicated scholars within the box with a finished cutting-edge wisdom of the subject.

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Similar biotechnological approaches may be very useful to elaborate in the future for economically important crop protection. Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Orsza´gos Tudoma´nyos Kutata´si Alapprogramok-NK105850, K112737 and the Ja´nos Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. We thank Pe´ter Gyula for useful comments on the manuscript. We apologize to those colleagues whose work was not cited due to space limitations. Glossary RNAi: TGS: PTGS: sRNA: dsRNA: ssRNA: DCL: PAZ: RNA interference Transcriptional Gene Silencing Post Transcriptional Gene Silencing small RNA double-stranded RNA single-stranded RNA Dicer-Like enzymes Piwi/Argonaute/Zwille-domain 1 Antiviral Silencing and Suppression of Gene Silencing in Plants AGO: RDR: RISC: RITSC: miRNA siRNA: ta-siRNA: nat-siRNA: ra-siRNA: vsiRNA: vasiRNA: Argonaute protein RNA-dependent RNA polymerase RNA-Induced Silencing Complex RNA-Induced Transcriptional Silencing Complex : micro RNA small interfering RNA trans-acting small interfering RNA natural-antisense small interfering RNA repeat-associated small interfering RNA viral small interfering RNA virus-activated small interfering RNA (+) ssRNA Virus BMV: CMV: CNV: CymRSV: GVA: ORMV: PLPV: PoLV: PRSV: PVA: PVX: PVY: RCNMV: RYMV: SCMV: SPCSV: SPMMV: TAV: TEV: TBSV: TCV: TMV: ToRSV: TRV: TuMV: TYMV: Brome mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic virus Cucumber necrosis virus Cymbidium ringspot virus Grapevine virus A Oilseed rape mosaic virus Pelargonium line pattern virus Pothos latent virus Papaya ringspot virus Potato virus A Potato virus X Potato virus Y Red clover necrotic mosaic virus Rice yellow mottle virus Sugarcane mosaic virus Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus Sweet potato mild mottle virus Tomato aspermy virus Tobacco etch virus Tomato bushy stunt virus Turnip crinkle virus Tobacco mosaic virus Tomato ringspot virus Tobacco rattle virus Turnip mosaic virus Turnip yellow mosaic virus 21 T.

Plant Cell 13:571–583 Mallory AC, Elmayan T, Vaucheret H (2008) MicroRNA maturation and action--the expanding roles of ARGONAUTEs. Curr Opin Plant Biol 11:560–566 Marquardt S, Raitskin O, Wu Z, Liu F, Sun Q, Dean C (2014) Functional consequences of splicing of the antisense transcript COOLAIR on FLC transcription. Mol Cell 54:156–165 Martinez de Alba AE, Elvira-Matelot E, Vaucheret H (2013) Gene silencing in plants: a diversity of pathways. Biochim Biophys Acta 1829:1300–1308 Martinez de Alba AE, Moreno AB, Gabriel M, Mallory AC, Christ A, Bounon R, Balzergue S, Aubourg S, Gautheret D, Crespi MD, Vaucheret H, Maizel A (2015) In plants, decapping 1 Antiviral Silencing and Suppression of Gene Silencing in Plants 29 prevents RDR6-dependent production of small interfering RNAs from endogenous mRNAs.

P38 is capable to bind and inactivate AGO2 as well (Zhang et al. 2012). Site-directed mutagenesis (GW-to-GA) in the p38 proved that GW motif is absolutely required for both binding and suppression of AGO1 function (Azevedo et al. 2010). Pelargonium line pattern virus (PLPV) coat protein p37 (an orthologue of TCV p38) is a GW-containing protein that functions as a VSR as well. It was shown that the mutations within its GW-motif affect p37 localization, interaction with AGO1 and its sRNA-binding ability.

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