Das Buch Esther: Übersetzung und Kommentar by Harald Martin Wahl

By Harald Martin Wahl

The publication of Esther relates the increase of a Jewish orphan to be Queen of Persia, the advertising of the dependable Jew Mordechai to the second one optimum rank after the king, and the salvation of God´s selected humans of Israel, whose very lifestyles is threatened by way of the Governor Haman. the translation of the current fabric includes primary questions of language, literature, the background of editorship, theology and hermeneutics that are designated in the Hebrew Bible. the translation of the Megilla takes up a discussion with the Greek traditions including modern literature and the main historic rabbinic exegesis. The creation provides an important questions posed for the interpreter.

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Mayr eine chronologische Übersicht der Estherdramen von 1500 bis 1948. 211 Die ersten kritischen Bemerkungen zu Esther verdanken wir B. de Spinoza (1632–1677). Im 10. Kapitel seines Tractatus theologico-politicus von 1670 verficht er, daß das Buch Esther von demselben unbekannten Historiographen verfaßt worden ist, der auch die Bücher Daniel, Esra und Nehemia geschrieben hat. Gestützt hat sich der Dichter auf die Annalen und Chroniken, die zur Zeit des Zweiten Tempels angelegt worden sind. 215 8.

Und Artaxerxes I. 136 Von Darius II. 137 Der breite Bericht in den Antiquitates Judaicae von Josephus (37/38–100) kann zwar wegen seines Charakters als den biblischen Stoff interpretierenden Nacherzählung und seiner späten Entstehung im 1. Jh. n. Chr. 138 Beginnen wir mit einem Blick auf die Ausgrabungen der persischen Reichshauptstadt: Die babylonische Stadt Susa ist bereits von Kyros II. (559/558‒530) erobert und spätestens von seinem Nachfolger Kambyses II. 139 Archäologisch ist eine persische Besiedlung jedoch nicht vor Darius I.

137 Vgl. TUAT I, 253; vgl. P. , Le Papyrus Pascal d’Éléphantine: Essai de Restauration, VT 17 (1967), 201‒207. 138 Vgl. R. Niehoff, Two Examples of Josephus’ Narrative Technique in his „Rewritten Bible“, JSJ 27 (1996), 31‒45. 139 Vgl. N. Frye, History, 124‒126; H. Pittman, Susa, 106‒110. 140 Vgl. P. Amiet, Quelques observations sur le palais de Darius à Suse, Syr 51, 1974, 65‒73; J. Perrot, La porte de Darius à Suse, CDAFI 4 (1974), 43‒56; F. , Table accadienne de Darius Ier, Fragmenta Historiae Aelamicae hg.

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