By Jean-Paul Gauthier

This paintings offers a normal conception in addition to positive technique with the intention to remedy "observation problems," particularly, these difficulties that pertain to reconstructing the total information regarding a dynamical method at the foundation of partial saw information. A normal method to regulate tactics at the foundation of the observations can also be constructed. Illustrative yet sensible functions within the chemical and petroleum industries are proven.

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**Additional info for Deterministic Observation Theory and Applications**

**Example text**

Has a uniform canonical flag if and only if, for all x0 ∈ X and for all v ∈ U, there exists an open neighborhood Vx0 ,v of x0 , such that the functions x 0 = h 0v |Vx0 ,v , x 1 = h 1v |Vx0 ,v . . , x n−1 = h n−1 v |Vx0 ,v , form a coordinate system on Vx0 ,v , and on U × Vx0 ,v , each h i is a function of u, x 0 , . . , x i only, 0 ≤ i ≤ n − 1. Proof. 1 implies that x 0 = h 0v |Vx0 ,v , x 1 = h 1v |Vx0 ,v . . , x n−1 = h n−1 v |Vx0 ,v , form a coordinate system i on a neighborhood of x0 , and each h is a function of u, x 0 , .

D Z f 0 ∧ . . ∧ d Z f n ∧ dY d Z f n = 0 on Y × Z , 2. There exists y0 ∈ Y such that: f y00 , . . , f yn0 : Z → R are independent, P1: FBH CB385-Book CB385-Gauthier May 31, 2001 17:54 Char Count= 0 The Case d y ≤ du 30 3. There exist analytic functions h i : Y × i → R, i open in R n , 0 ≤ i ≤ n − 1, such that: f i (y, z) = h i (y, f y00 , . . , f yn−1 (z)) for all (y, z) ∈ 0 Y × Z. Then, there exists a subneighborhhood Z ⊂ Z of x0 , and a function h n : Y × n → R, n ⊂ R n+1 , n open, such that for all (y, z) ∈ Y × Z , f n (y, z) = h n (y, f y00 , .

M˜ N ∩ (U × Va ) = (u, x) ∈ U × Va | ∂x N What remains to be proven is that M N has an empty interior. Otherwise, M N would contain an open set , and \(Z N ∪ M¯ N −1 ) would be a nonempty open set. Take a point a ∈ \(Z N ∪ M¯ N −1 ). Apply the considerations just developed to a and restrict the neighborhood Va , we have constructed Va ∩ ( \(Z N ∪ M¯ N −1 )). Denote by P : M˜ N ∩ (U × Va ) → Va the restriction of the projection U × Va → Va to M˜ N . Because P is surjective, Sard’s theorem and the implicit function theorem show that there is an open subset W of Va , and an analytic mapping u¯ : W → U, such that ∂HN ¯ (u(x), x) = 0 for all x ∈ W.