Ezra the Scribe: The Development of Ezra 7-10 and Nehemia 8 by Juha Pakkala

By Juha Pakkala

This monograph investigates the literary improvement of Ezra 7-10 and Neh eight. With an in depth literary serious research, the research exhibits that the textual content used to be produced in different successive editorial stages for a minimum of centuries. therefore the ultimate textual content can't be used for ancient reasons. The oldest textual content emerged as a quick narrative, completely written within the 3rd individual. It describes how a Torah scribe (Schriftgelehrter) referred to as Ezra got here from Babylon to Jerusalem to reinstate the written Torah. within the later editorial stages, Ezra's function used to be reworked from a scribe to a clergyman who introduced cultic vessels to the Temple. The editorial improvement unearths that the textual content was once initially prompted by way of Deuteronomy and the (Deutero)nomistic theology. Later, it got here less than priestly and Levitical impression.

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8 and then repeats the arrival and the dates in more detail in v. 9. The difference in using the preposition with X3 also suggests two different editors (cf. oVtPìT Χ3Ί O D ^ ' n ' - t o xa). It is therefore probable that a later editor willing to be more exact on the dates than v. 8 added v. 25 Verse 9bß, which refers to Gods protective hand, probably derives from the same author as v. 9aba. , a n d KRATZ 2 0 0 0 , 7 8 . 25 Thus also KARRER 2001,228. GALLING 1954, 202-204; Nora 1957, 125 30 Ezra 7-8 interested in dates.

KOEHLER-BAUMGARTNER HALAT, tfTO'/itr-iip'. 70 Many scholars have found traces of external sources in some of these verses, especially in w . , KELLERMANN 1967, 62. As is often noted, there are some similarities with authentic letters of the Achamenid administration and therefore some familiarity with Achamenid administrative correspondence should be regarded as a possibility. KRATZ (2000, 80-81) suggests that w . 2If. could contain the original and authentic core of the Ezra narrative. However, Ezra's double title in v.

GALLING 1954, 202-204; Nora 1957, 125 30 Ezra 7-8 interested in dates. Nevertheless, the verse primarily functions as the heading of the ensuing itinerary or aliyah in Ezra 8. The verse tries to moderate v. 8 which has taken the narrative already to Jerusalem. It tries to return the narrative back to Ezra's departure and to prepare ground for the description of Ezra's journey in Ezra 8 by providing the period during which it took place. The departure also receives a solemn character as a ceremonial aliyah: nVson ID1 ΧΠ.

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