The Targums and Rabbinic Literature: An Introduction to by John Bowker

By John Bowker

The Targums are interpretative translations of the Hebrew textual content of the Bible which originated in Synagogue instructing, the place an interpretation of the Hebrew textual content needed to be given orally for the good thing about non-Hebrew conversing congregations. Over the centuries, a free 'Targum culture' started to shape and the written Aramaic Targums can most sensible be understood as crystallisations of the Targum culture at varied issues of time. within the first a part of this booklet Professor Bowker examines the emergence and improvement of Jewish exegesis and the significance of the Targums. taking into account that Jewish and rabbinic fabric is being more and more utilized to difficulties of Christian origins, he presents a entire advent to the topic (referring to the texts and translations so much available) with emphasis on contemporary paintings and discoveries. the second one a part of the ebook supplies real fabric in translation, exhibiting how Jewish exegesis arrived at its interpretations of Scripture.

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B) PreMasoretic Palestinian Hebrew, better referred to as pre-Tiberian Hebrew or Palestinian punctuation. This was largely replaced by the Tiberian system, but a number of manuscripts have survived, both biblical and non-biblical. For a summary see Kahle, The Cairo Geniza, pp. 66 f. and A. Murtonen, Materials for a non-Masoretic Hebrew Grammar, 1 (1958). (c) The Tiberian system, which eventually prevailed and eliminated earlier systems. For a while the Tiberian and old Babylonian traditions existed side by side; they were for a time in two separate empires.

P. 330. * Some Early Rabbinic Citations . ' Downloaded from University Publishing Online. 251 on Fri Jan 27 11:57:56 GMT 2012. '1 McNamara came to the following conclusions: (i) 'Neofiti abides by all the rabbinic rules referring to Targumic renderings . . Neofiti, as it now stands, appears to have received a rabbinic recension after c. D. Pseudo-Jonathan, on the other hand, is not affected by these rabbinic rules . . '2 (ii) 'Neofiti and Jewish liturgy: the close manner in which Neofiti adheres to the Mishnaic rules on targumic renderings .

251 on Fri Jan 27 11:57:56 GMT 2012. 005 TRANSLATION AND INTERPRETATION (iv) The study of the historical development of particular items of exegesis puts N into its proper place in sequence, and again indicates an early date; Diez Macho here referred to the work of G. 1 (v) Historical and geographical identifications, particularly in Gen. T. dependence on the Palestinian Targum as represented by Neofiti I. 5 (ix) The reconstruction of the Hebrew text underlying Neofiti I. 6 His arguments have been questioned by P.

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