Women and Schizophrenia by David J. Castle, John McGrath, Jayashri Kulkarni

By David J. Castle, John McGrath, Jayashri Kulkarni

Gender affects considerably at the onset and nature of schizophrenia suffered via girls: the feminine mind develops extra swiftly than the male; estrogens produce antipsychotic results; the feminine mind a while another way from the male, with an incredible preponderance of woman very-late-onset schizophrenia which may be on the topic of a relative far more than dopamine D2 receptors. This complete evaluate is as a lot approximately ladies because it is ready schizophrenia, encompassing the organic, endocrinological, epidemiological, reproductive, mental, and social features of schizophrenia as skilled through ladies. a global, multidisciplinary staff of clinicians and psychological wellbeing and fitness researchers evaluate prior and present literature, and likewise examine sex-specific concerns and assessment their healing, scientific, and social implications for extra acceptable and potent remedies of schizophrenia in girls now and sooner or later. This quantity is key analyzing for all clinicians, practitioners, and researchers concerned with psychological health and wellbeing and with women's future health.

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Schizophr. , 18, 51–7. , et al. (1986). Life events and schizophrenia. A Saudi Arabian study. Br. J. Psychiatry, 148, 12–22. Allan, J. & Hafner, R. (1989). Sex diVerences in the phenomenology of schizophrenic disorder. Can. J. Psychiatry, 34, 46–8. Allebeck, P. (1989). Schizophrenia: a life shortening disease. Schizophr. , 15, 81–9. , Walker, E. & Bettes, B. (1984). Intelligence in schizophrenia: meta-analysis of the research. Schizophr. , 10, 430–59. Ayuso-Gutierrez, J. & del Rio Vega, J. (1997).

In the light of the above discussion, the question loses meaning, and can only be responded to by asking what is meant by the diagnostic label ‘schizophrenia’. It seems clear that, if a severe early-onset type of illness is considered, there is a male excess. On the other hand, inclusion of later-onset ‘milder’ cases redresses this gender imbalance. What remains unclariWed is whether the later-onset, female-preponderant group have essentially the same disorder as their early-onset counterparts, but with a delayed onset, or whether they represent a separate subtype of disorder.

Psychiatr. , 22, 141–55. , Turetsky, B. et al. (1996). Schizophrenia throughout life: sex diVerences in severity and proWle of symptoms. Schizophr. , 21, 1–12. Gureje, O. & Bamidele, R. (1998). Gender and schizophrenia: association of age at onset with antecedent, clinical and outcome features. Aust. Z. J. Psychiatry, 32, 415–23. , Clarkin, J. et al. (1990). Gender and schizophrenia outcome: a clinical trial of inpatient family intervention. Schizophr. , 16, 277–92. , Hien, D. et al. (1991). Gender diVerences in schizophrenia.

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